Training with Neurofeedback we train flexibility, efficiency and improved connectivity in these large scale brain networks. Whereas the Photobiomodulation increases efficient blood flow to these brain networks which increases oxygenation, nutrients and waste removal. Better blood flow decreases inflammation. Further, with Photobiomodulation mitochondrial fission, fusion and biogenesis is increased; these will in turn improve myelination and neurogenesis. By targeting the rich club network of the brain we are able to affect the following key large scale brain networks:

Default Mode Network

The Default Mode Network is the mind at passive rest and wandering. It is responsible for self-referential thoughts, thoughts about others, thoughts about past and future. Within the DMN the Posterior Cingulate Cortex (PCC) is integrated into all these functions; and it is a major focus of the system. The DMN is active when the mind is not fully present with the task at hand. It is the source of our internal chatter.

Executive Networks

The Executive Network is our source of intense focus and creative problem solving. It helps us manage working memory and make decisions during goal oriented activities. The Anterior Cingulate Cortex (ACC) is a major component of this network and a focus for’s system. It is worth noting that the prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate as a part of this network are important actors in the stress response.

Salient Network

The Salient Network discerns what is important; this includes information both from within the mind and from external inputs. It then manages the shifting between the Default Mode Network and the Executive Mode Network. The Anterior Cingulate Cortex (ACC) is a primary element of the Salient Network and a major focus of the system. It is worthy of note that the Salient Network also consists of the Amygdala and Hypothalamus which are major actors in the stress response.