Photobiomodulation (tPBM) has been a field of research over the last 15+ years. Like electrical stimulation, tPBM modulates the brain. Unlike electrical stimulation, this approach is noninvasive. tPBM goes well beyond electrical modulation by initiating metabolic processes. The LEDs operate at near-infrared frequencies which are mostly invisible to the human eye. The light energy is absorbed by photoreceptors in your brain cells and initiates metabolic processes in your brain. These processes include the stimulation of your mitochondria and an increase in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis which encourages blood flow and oxygen distribution. The result is improved circulation and oxygen utilization. This health boost for your brain cells is experienced as an energy lift and an accelerated ability to learn.